Causes of Female Infertility

Hormones and anatomy play vital roles in fertility. Fertility Associates of Memphis doctors often see these common culprits, or causes of infertility in women:

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition that causes increased androgen levels, and the presence of multiple small cysts on the ovaries. These symptoms result in abnormal menstruation and ovulation that can make it hard to conceive.

Endometriosis is a condition where endometrial tissue (the uterine lining) grows outside the uterus causing heavy and painful periods. Endometriosis is associated with recurrent miscarriage.

Maternal Age can also cause infertility. Fertility begins to diminish after the age of 35, and some women can experience premature menopause, or decreased ovarian reserve, as early as their 20s or 30s.

Uterine septum and uterine fibroids  can makes it difficult for an embryo to implant and grow and be associated with a higher risk for miscarriage and recurrent miscarriage.

Diseases of the fallopian tubes, such as pelvic inflammatory disease and endometriosis, can cause the tube to be blocked or swollen, interfering with the tube’s ability to transport a fertilized egg to the uterus.

Recurrent miscarriage is defined as couples with two or more consecutive miscarriages. There are many causes of miscarriage, including chromosomal abnormalities, blood clotting, abnormalities of the uterus and hormonal imbalances.